Neolithic map is population data compared to some ancient findings, for example – mummies. While the other two charts present modern world “Neolithic You” goes as far as 10000 – 2000 years BC. The Ged-Match Near East Neolithic 13 calculator is based on the recently recovered ancient genomes from the Near East. The genomes were described in a recent 2016 paper, “The genetic structure of the world’s first farmers” by Losif Lazaridis et al. For further information please reference the paper.
ANCESTRAL INDIAN: Ancestral Indians, also referred to as ASI in some papers, are a theoretical construct, which basically describes an ancient population of India, believed to have been similar to either the Onge of the Andaman Islands, or perhaps some of the Austroasiatic tribals of currently inhabiting the sub-continent. The calculator creator decided to use the Kusunda, a tribe of former hunter-gatherers of the forests of western Nepal, since using them produced Iran Neolithic levels in South and West Asians, somewhat more consistent with those in the recent papers.
IRAN NEOLITHIC: The reference for this component is primarily an Iranian Neolithic and Late Neolithic genome described in the Lazaridis 2016 paper. A few Iranian Chalcolithic samples were also used to supplement the defining allele frequencies for this component.
ANATOLIA: also known as Asia Minor, Asian Turkey, the Anatolian peninsula, or the Anatolian plateau, is the westernmost protrusion of Asia, which makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey.
NATUFIAN: Is based on ancient genome recovered from the Levant. The Natufian culture was an Epipaleolithic culture that existed from 12,500 to 9,500 BC in the Levant.
EHG: Eastern European Hunter Gatherers.
WHG: Western European Hunter Gatherers.
SHG: Scandinavian Hunter Gatherers.
CHG: Caucausus Hunter Gatherers
EEF: European Early Farmers